Activities are based on techniques that physicists use to make discoveries. We have included activities that use data from Cosmic Ray studies and activities that help students explore the concepts in this experiment.

Energy, Momentum, and Mass

Students examine data to find how energy, momentum, and mass are related.

Histograms: Uncertainty

Students construct histograms, identify the best value to represent the data, and report the uncertainty in their answers. 

Histograms: The Basics

Students build basic histogram skills required in many of the other activities in the Data Activities Portfolio.

Mean Lifetime Part 3: MINERvA

Students collect data from muons which decay in the MINERvA detector in the Fermilab NuMi beamline to understand particle decay and determine the muon lifetime.

Mean Lifetime Part 1: Dice

Rolling dice serves as the model for decaying particles.

Signal and Noise: Cosmic Muons

In this introductory tutorial that, students learn about how to distinguish muon signals from background and instrumental noise.

Signal and Noise: The Basics

Students analyze signals and noise first in audio and video forms and then look at signals and noise from physic measurements.

Mean Lifetime Part 2: Cosmic Muons

Students learn how physicists measure muon lifetime.

Dice, Histograms & Probability

Students roll dice, record the resulting individual values as well as the sum of the values, create histograms of the data and develop insight into the concept of “degrees of freedom." 

Cosmic Rays and the Sun

Students search for a specific data file in the Cosmic Ray e-Lab and look for evidence of the passage of the sun in the flux measurements derived from this file.