Energy, Momentum, and Mass

Students examine data to find how energy, momentum, and mass are related.

Histograms: Uncertainty

Students construct histograms, identify the best value to represent the data, and report the uncertainty in their answers. 

What Heisenberg Knew

Heisenberg knew that, at the quantum level, we cannot know everything, at least not all at once. Students explore uncertainties in measurements of complimentary variables to find this out for themselves.

The Case of the Hidden Neutrino

Students use momentum conservation to examine the decay of top-antitop pairs to determine what is missing from the event.

Mean Lifetime Part 1: Dice

Rolling dice serves as the model for decaying particles.

Signal and Noise: Cosmic Muons

In this introductory tutorial that, students learn about how to distinguish muon signals from background and instrumental noise.

Rolling with Rutherford

Students use statistics to make an indirect measurement they can easily confirm.

Making it ‘Round the Bend - Qualitative

Students explore the effects of electric and magnetic fields on particles. 

Calculate the Top Quark Mass

Students use conservation laws and vector addition to calculate the top mass from event displays.

Calculate the Z Mass

Students use conservation laws and vector addition to calculate the Z mass from event displays.