Effectiveness of Pulsers Exposed to Radiation
Teacher Name: Don Bennett (Atrisco Heritage High School)
Research Mentor: Sally Seidel (University of New Mexico)
The purpose of our research is to test devices created in the lab called pulsers. Pulsers are circuit boards with L.E.D.s that emit a blue light. The pulsers are intended to replicate the blue light produced by Cherenkov radiation and to be used to calibrate the detectors at CERN’s Hadron Collider. We test the pulsers by having them exposed to gamma radiation at various intensities, and then compare their ability to perform at various voltages. This is accomplished by attaching the pulsers to a power supply and placing them into a light-tight enclosure (which prevents any outside light from interfering with the measurement) along with a light detector. We attach the pulser to an oscilloscope, and the oscilloscope displays the performance of the pulsar as we increase the voltage. We record the data and compare the results to the unirradiated control as well as to others that were irradiated at different levels of exposure.
The research is ongoing, so as of present it is too early to make a determination of the pulsers' ability to perform under radioactive conditions. However, if our research concludes that the pulsers can perform, then they will be most beneficial to the research at CERN in calibrating their detectors.
2017 Annual Report
Fermilab: University of Chicago
Student Summer Research and Teacher Workshop Annual Report
The Fermilab/University of Chicago QuarkNet Center sponsored its annual student summer research and teacher workshop for its 11th year. The summer research began June 26th and went until August 4th. The three-day teacher workshop spanned from August 2nd to August 4th. This year’s summer activities included two co-mentor scientists, one mentor teacher, four high school students, (three juniors and one senior), and 16 physics teachers. Teachers from the workshop primarily were from the suburbs west of Chicago, all having taught physics or will be teaching physics this upcoming year. We had a good spread in gender, age, and years of experience in the classroom.
The summer research was very rewarding for the students this year. One of the students worked individually, with a mentor scientist, while the other three students worked together, sharing a mentor scientist. The students conducted research in the projects of areas of the ICARUS Neutrino Detector, and the South Pole Telescope detecting Cosmic Microwave Background. During the week, the students had the opportunity to attend lectures by well-known scientists as well as go on tours of the experiments. We conducted weekly lunch meetings on Mondays to keep up with the logistics and share the progress on the students’ experiments. For the teacher workshop, the students prepared presentations on their experiment and experiences. One of the groups integrated a demonstration of their work into their talk. All of this went very well and we are extremely proud of their progress and accomplishments.
The teacher workshop was also a great success. Teachers immersed themselves for three days at Fermilab experiencing a pilot of the QuarkNet Neutrino Master Class, conducted by Shane Woods. They looked at the research projects done by our QuarkNet students, worked with scientists from Fermilab and toured the NuMI underground (MINOS, MINERvA and NOvA), and MC-1, (Muon/g-2). Scientists included Anne Schukraft, “Introduction to Neutrinos”, and Angela Fava, “Particle Hunting, Why and How?”, Tom Carter, COD, and Brandon Eberly, SLAC. The pilot of the Neutrino Master Class included a number of activities working towards the handling of data from research experiments. Teachers developed plans for implementing higher levels of data collection, interpretation, and explanation.
The Fermilab/University of Chicago QuarkNet Center continues to provide a quality research experience and educational workshop. Both teachers and students expressed their satisfaction.
Lead Teacher: George Dzuricsko
2017 Abstract from Maggie, Maritza, and Joe
Quarknet Abstract: Joseph Carolan, Maggie Barclay, Maritza Gallegos
2017 Abstract from Arielle and Antony
The South Pole Telescope: Collaborations for the Cosmic Microwave Background Arielle Pfeil (Bartlett High School), Antony Simonoff (Adlai E. Stevenson High School), and Bradford Benson (Fermilab)
Approximately 13.8 billion years ago, the universe began from a hot, dense state through an explosion of matter and energy, known as the Big Bang. During the primordial stages of the universe, light was emitted during the recombination of particles; this thermal radiation — a near perfect blackbody — is known as the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). The South Pole Telescope uses a polarization sensitive focal plane and superconducting Transition-Edge Sensor (TES) bolometers to interpret these ~3K (2.725K) microwave signals from the early universe. To characterize the response of these detectors on the South Pole Telescope, calibration is performed with an optical chopper and polarization setup. The purpose of the research conducted through the QuarkNet summer program with the South Pole Telescope is to assist in the development, construction, and testing of this setup which sends modulated light to detectors. Testing of these detectors — known as bolometers — for the South Pole Telescope is necessary to measure whether or not the polarized pixels are orthogonal.
Specific wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation which hit these bolometers originate from an infrared emitter source which simulates a 4K blackbody. From the IR source and through an aluminum tunnel, these wavelengths are sent through a rotating optical chopper which chops light flow at a specific frequency. The light continues onwards to a wire grid that polarizes the IR emission and then to the detectors. Information on the operation of both the optical chopper and the stage holding the polarization grid can be received via scripting through a serial port. The reason to use an optical chopper lies with its ability to reduce noise in the system as the detectors will only be looking for a specific reference frequency. Currently, the optical chopper and polarization setup is installed below a cryostat where the detector orientation lies. Further work will utilize the setup to receive specific readings on the detector’s operation.
SMU QuarkNet Center Annual Report
Southern Methodist University Summer 2017 – The SMU Particle Physics group sponsored its annual QuarkNet activities this summer for local high school physics teachers and students. The QuarkNet teachers’ workshop was held July 31 - Aug 4. In addition, there were 6-week-long summer research projects for high school students. This year there were 16 teachers from Dallas area public and private schools at the workshop while 2 teachers and 16 students performed summer research in SMU labs.
Muon Lifetime Study in Cosmic Ray Detector and MicroBooNE Analysis
Calculating the Average Speed of a Cosmic Ray Muon using a Scintillating Cosmic Ray Muon Detector
Our research this summer was divided in to two parts: cosmic ray muon detector experiments and neutrino physics. Abstracts for both projects are attached.